The title is a reference to the film City Slickers and its sequel, City Slickers II: The Legend of Curly's Gold.
Roger asks a co-worker "Did you see that episode of Seinfeld last Thursday 10 years ago?", referencing the sexual harassment trial that took place in the mid-90's after a man was fired for discussing risque events with a female co-worker in "The Junior Mint" episode.
Stan's outfit near the end with Ollie's gold looks exactly like Indiana Jones' outfit.
Roger's alter ego Laura Vanderbooben's name is a parody of Laura Vandervoort.
Stan's song explaining the Iran-Contra affair was done in a style of ABC's Schoolhouse Rock. Roger's appearance when he says "Crap! That's the end." parodies the "Darn! That's the end" closing of the song "Interjections!"
When Stan first attempts to stage the discovery, he says "Here's looking at you, gold!", a parody of the famous line from Casablanca "Here's looking at you, kid."
When he peers through the hole in the living room floor, Stan's words parody the reaction of Howard Carter when he first opened the tomb of Tutankhamun.